From the moment they are born, children begin learning. Their minds, like blank canvases start to fill up with things we teach them and things they learn from exploring the environment.

Once they are old enough, they start going to school and begin their formal education. In order to ensure our children get the most out of what they learn in school, it is important for us to recognize that there are various styles of learning and it can vary from one child to another. Let us explore the different styles of learning so you can have a better idea which learning method would work well for your child.

Visual learners learn best using images and spatial understanding. Their brains process and retain information much easier when they are “pictured” or have spatial associations hence such visual learners benefit from the use of mind maps and ‘visual words’. Using colors to replace words and highlighting major points with various colors also helps with forming mental imagery of the concepts.

Music, sounds and rhymes aid memory formation for an aural learner. They are able to explain concepts and scenarios verbally, thus discussing about the day’s learnings would help your child to better remember what they have learnt. Another way to help them better memorize concepts is by forming mnemonics and acrostics with keywords set in a wacky song or to a rhythm and rhyme. Reading aloud or verbalizing information can also help an aural learner remember better.

A verbal learner prefers to use words to express themselves, both in their writing and speech. Reading and writing is pleasurable to a verbal learner and they make a concerted effort to find out the meaning of new words and expand their vocabulary. To help a verbal learner, try to incorporate speaking and writing when memorizing new concepts; reading aloud and using rhyme and rhythm are examples of ways to do that. For recalling lists of information, try using mnemonics – acronym mnemonics which uses the first letter of the word to create a new word or a memorable phrase is also very helpful for retaining important information.

Tactile learners enjoy movement and they tend to be outgoing and animated as they use their body to learn about the world. The inclusion of action, touch and hands­-on work in your child’s learning activities would enable them to benefit from the physical stimulation. These include physical activities such as writing and drawing diagrams.

Using role­play would also help them to remember situations better while demonstrations may help them grasp difficult information. Since they also learn by sense of touch, flashcards can be a tool to aid learning.

This list serves as an introduction to the various types of learning styles. Ultimately, every child is unique and what works for one child may or may not work for another. Parents need to recognize the dominant style used by their child and capitalize on it.